29 November 2018

In Japan it’s been a customary practice for decades, and the trend has now reached Germany: What forest bathing has to do with wilderness and our yearning for nature.

By Julia Schmitz

It’s early Sunday morning in November, 7°C with an overcast sky. I’m standing on the outskirts of Berlin in the Düppeler Forest with my eyes closed, leaning against the trunk of an old beech. Trickles of rainwater drip down my cheeks and a moist, earthy scent rises up from the forest floor, which at this time of year is covered in moss and a thick layer of colorful leaves. In the distance a woodpecker is busy tapping away at a tree. “What can you smell, hear, feel, taste?” Lia Braun whispers to us all.

I plunge my hands blindly into the soft earth, pull out a piece of bark, rub it with my fingers, sniff it, then actually lick my finger, albeit tentatively – and feel a bit strange. This morning there are 12 of us out here, on the very edge of the city, not far from Wannsee and Pfaueninsel, but so far out that only the bus runs. We’re standing here in the undergrowth all safely wrapped up in several layers of clothing, with a thick pullover, a winter coat and hiking boots, simply perceiving things.

In Japan, "Shinrin yoku" is part of the state health program

What is a new trend for us in Germany is something long since practiced in Japan: In 1970, the Akasawa Forest was declared the first “Natural Recreational Forest” and since the early 1980s “shinrin yoku” (translated quite literally as “bathing in forest air”) has been part of the government health program.

Image via wikimedia.org

Yet it was not until about 15 years ago that scientists in several countries started researching the healing properties of nature and the positive impact of “bathing” in the forest air. Among other things studies show that it lowers blood pressure, boosts ours memories, strengthens our immune system and renders us less prone to stress and depression – and since then the topic has attracted greater interest in Germany. But all the more so: In recent years over 20 books have been published in German on “shinrin yoku” and the number of workshops and training sessions is steadily growing; in fact, since 2016 Usedom has been home to Europe’s first official “Cure and Healing Forest.”

It’s great that attention is growing for the topic.

Lia Braun (psychologist and nature therapist)

The rising popularity of natural themes seems to reflect our society’s growing exhaustion and the longing for peace and quiet. “It’s great that attention  is growing for the topic,” says psychologist and nature therapist Lia Braun, who regularly holds forest bathing seminars in Berlin. However, she adds, you don’t necessarily require a dedicated healing forest: Many people feel a deep yearning for a bond they can experience, something we possibly knew as children, only to lose it again. She reports that in her seminars she repeatedly notices how this need is fulfilled by self-created encounters with nature. “And all you require is a forest on your doorstep.”

When was the last time I looked so closely?

I cannot resist the pull of the forest either. After first exercises in perception, we walk on through the undergrowth; but we do so in absolute slo-mo, in order to be able to concentrate on anything and everything “that moves,” as Lia Braun instructs. And that means not just the crowns of the trees, now only sparsely green and swaying slightly in the wind, but also all the creepy-crawlies on the forest floor, the spiders and beetles, the drops of dew falling from branches onto leaves on the ground, catapulting them upwards.

My attention is captured by a small twig that is covered with a pastel-green layer of moss and lichen, and which I can hardly get enough of looking at. When did I last look at things so carefully, touch them, sniff them? After each exercise we re-group and exchange experiences, and what soon emerges is that the initial skeptics among us have swiftly shed their doubts.

The forest has always been a place of fairy tales, myths and secrets

In our culture the forest has always been a place of fairytales, myths and secrets. The Celts and Teutonic tribes lived in harmony with it, in Norse mythology the ash tree Yggdrasil symbolized the entire cosmos, and the Ancient Greeks spent time in nature by way of medical treatment. The Romantics were fascinated by the unfathomable nature of the deep forest, coined the term “forest solitude” and practiced withdrawing into the solitude of contemplating the forest canopy. Modern urbanites seem to have lost this link to nature in favor of a technological rationalization of our environment. Seldom do we go into the woods, and when we do it is only for a simple walk or as exercise on some fitness trail.

Image via www.blog.tirol

We always have to function, to be productive, to earn money – leaving no space for the conscious contemplation of our surroundings. That said, there’s no denying the longing for tranquility and the trend toward more “mindfulness,” be it consciously or unconsciously. If you need books and seminars to rekindle contact with nature and yourself, well, then there’s nothing wrong with that. When, after almost three hours between the birches and beeches, we gather for the last time and drink tea together, which Lia Braun has brewed from the yarrow and pimpernel leaves she gathered along the way, I am freezing and wet but infused with a sense of inner calm and satisfaction that I only too rarely feel in my well-organized, everyday downtown life.

Photo: Konstantin Arnold, konstantinarnold.de