Between thing and being: In his film shown in the December DOUBLE FEATURE, the artist Paul Spengemann documents a creature from an in-between world.

What exactly distinguishes a living being from a thing? The fact that it consists of cells that are separated from the outside world by biomembranes? The ability to self-reproduce? Metabolism and genetic variability? Intelligence? You can choose to be more exclusive (awareness!) or more inclusive (a being that somehow is able to move) and yet ultimately end up facing questions such as whether viruses are living beings, or whether artificial intelligence ever counts as such.

This still says nothing, however, about abilities, of whatever kind: The Biological Cybernetics research group in Bielefeld demonstrates, for example, how something highly complex like a robot is still, in the truest sense of the word, lagging miles behind something apparently unremarkable like a stick insect. The researchers are meticulously analyzing the insect’s gallant, sure-footed locomotion and are hoping to be able to apply the operating principles to the machine’s movement. Paul Spengemann’s “Walking Stick” also presents viewers with a stick insect – or is it a robot after all?

Thirteen twigs in total

At the beginning of Spengemann’s work all we see is a sun-lit room and a few plants. Is that something rustling in the branches? What follows is a subjective tracking shot through the stems of the plant without us really knowing exactly what perspective is being adopted here. Eventually the camera appears to have recognized something under the radiator in the room; gingerly zooming in, it ultimately identifies a stick insect. This initially remains motionless, as if caught, but then climbs adventurously onto the camera lens. It is at this point at the latest that we realize this is not a “real” stick insect.

Paul Spengemann, Walking Stick, film still, 2017

The legs are held to the body as if by an invisible hand, and the creature has no face or antenna. Spengemann took the individual parts of the stick insect from the plant in his room, 13 twigs in total, and these dead parts of a living being, the plant, were given new life in digital form. Like countless YouTube amateur wildlife filmmakers, the camera tries time and again to capture the dead yet lively being, by day and by night, complete with loud camera zoom noises on the soundtrack, as well as the creaking and rasping noises of the apartment.

The universe, one’s own four walls

“Walking Stick” could be viewed as a form study of a film genre, namely (amateur) nature documentary films, but nature and documentation do not feature at all here. Brought to life digitally by Spengemann, the dead twigs mutate into the “walking stick” the ambiguous title refers to, a stick to help you walk, and wander in a carefully planned and programmed way through their set universe, the four walls that surround them.

In the work, the protagonist, which continually disappears in the surroundings, is shown once in slow motion on the floorboards, where it performs a choreography of letters: “Oh dear” the stick insect, which in the animal world is classified as a ghost insect, forms with its body. Is this a case of a being becoming aware that it is a thing, or rather a thing become aware of that it is a being? Ultimately the camera is no longer able to find the animal and the gaze falls on the desk, also made of wood, while the ticking of a clock gets louder and louder.

Thoroughly normal life

Also for Israeli filmmaker David Perlov (1930-2003) highlighting one’s own universe, and perhaps that of others, began in his own living room. “Yoman” (“Diary”) is a kind of journal, in which Perlov initially documented the period 1973 to 1983 on film, and then continued in further instalments up to 2002. In the beginning the director himself is heard on the soundtrack: “I want to start filming, by myself and for myself. Professional cinema does no longer attract me. To look for something else. I want to approach the everyday. Above all in anonymity.” Perlov begins in his own living room: He films his family, films through the window looking out onto the city, films thoroughly normal life. He continually comments on the image, narrating laconically that he now has to decide whether to film the soup or whether he’d rather eat it himself. He wrangles with his detached position, but ultimately heads out into the world with his camera after all.

Paul Spengemann, Walking Stick, film still, 2017

The cinematographic diary of the years 1973 to 1983 covers a total of 330 minutes. It is bookended by two military conflicts: the Yom Kippur War of 1973 and the Lebanon War of 1982. As much as Perlov focuses on private, ordinary, everyday matters, there is no way to escape war, which penetrates daily life and indeed becomes daily life. Via television it penetrates living rooms, and with his camera Perlov captures a window on the world from his living room.

At the same time, the filmmaker processes his own history, following his daughters as they grow up, meeting Claude Lanzmann and Klaus Kinski, observing everyday life in Tel Aviv, travelling to Paris, where he lived for a long time, to London, and eventually to Brazil, the country of his birth. “Yoman” is an astonishing work, in terms of length and intensity, the spontaneity of the snapshots and in the pigeonholing and considered background commentary. Perlov portrays in detail his own life, both private and political, and thus at the same time creates a chronical of crisis-ridden democracy in the Middle East.

David Perlov, Yoman, Image via